CEA is the Atomic and Alternative Energy Council, a research state agency employing a staff of 16,000 people. The Research and Technologies Division (DRT) is one of the four operating divisions, whose policy is to meet the needs of partners both in the CEA and in the industry. 

Within DRT, LITEN (Laboratory for Innovation in New Energy Technologies and Nanomaterials) is a CEA institute, mostly located in Grenoble. CEA-LITEN is the leading centre for new energy technologies in France, with close to 1,100 people and more than 1,000 patents. CEA-LITEN has a very strong expertise and background in the field of Li-Ion batteries, Battery Management Systems, electric driveline and drivetrain, and has been working for more than fifteen years in these sectors and participated in many European and French projects with strong industrial relationships. CEA has a long time experience in designing, prototyping, manufacturing and testing of electric storage solutions and related drivelines. CEA is involved in a long term partnership with Renault in developing next generation electric driveline solution. More specifically, LITEN is equipped with a full Li-ion assembly line, a battery pack, battery management system and driveline control assembly line. 

The research group involved in the ESPRIT Project that is part of the LITEN/DEHT (Department for Electricity and Hydrogen in Transportation) is called the SIGE (Service for Integration of Electrochemical Generators). The following laboratories will especially contribute to ESPRIT: the LAE (Laboratory for electrical Architecture), the L2EP (Laboratory for advanced Electronics, Energy and Power), the LAMF (Laboratory for Mechanical and Fluid Architecture) as well as the L2M (Laboratory for Modelisation and Monitoring). Finally, the SRGE (Service for
Realisation of Electrochemical Generators) will also be involved through the LRGE (Laboratory for the Realisation,of Electrochemical  enerators).
CEA LIST Within DRT, LIST (Laboratory of applied research on software-intensive technologies) is a CEA institute, mostly located in Saclay, France. CEA LIST is a leading centre for software-intensive technologies in France, with close to 700 people and 300 patents. CEA LIST leads R&D activities focused on software-intensive systems with strong economic and societal stakes, including embedded systems, interactive systems, robotics, sensors and signal processing. By developing cutting-edge technological research in partnership with major industrial players in the nuclear, automotive, aerospace, defence and medical sectors, CEA LIST enhances the industrial competitiveness of its partners by developing innovative solutions appropriate to their needs, going from concept to system demonstrator, and contributing to technology transfer and innovation through the emergence of new businesses. 

Two CEA LIST research groups will be involved in the project :

The Interactive Robotics Laboratory (LRI), focused on robotics and human/machine interaction, and leading R&D activities centred on  echatronics, control and supervision of robotics systems. The LRI has a strong background in robotics embedded control system design and integration, through the development of several robotics systems transferred to industrial companies and currently in operational use. The interactive robotic unit aims to develop the systems and control algorithms for the robots interacting with humans. Historically oriented nuclear, and more precisely force feedback teleoperation, diversification scopes allowed to perpetuate and to provide these technologies in various sectors, such as security, medical or production. 

The Embedded Real-Time System Foundations Laboratory (LaSTRE) is specialised in building compilers and runtime environments for safety, security or performance-wise critical systems. A number of technologies developed in the laboratory have been transferred to private  ompanies and are now commercially exploited. As a recent example, the lab has developed a complete dataflow compiler and RTE for the 256-cores MPPA architecture commercialised by KALRAY Inc. which is now commercialising the aforementioned compiler as part of its AccessCore SDK (achieved best HEVC implementation at the CES 2014). Since 2010, the team develops its activities in the fields of mixed-criticality, safe and secure virtualisation and cryptographic runtime environments (hardware-assisted or not). Mixed-criticality research topic addresses design of a framework and runtime to develop systems with real-time constraints, high-performance needs and safety  equirements.

Role in the project

CEA will lead the project as coordinator from both strategic and scientific and technical points of view. In terms of technical work, CEA LIST will participate in developing the control strategies that enable to drive the vehicles in an individual way or in a road train configuration. This control law will allow to accelerate, brake the vehicles or the road train, in forward or in gear, while preventing the lateral oscillations or the jack-knifing of the road-train. CEA LITEN will lead and participate in developing the energy storage solutions to enable the charging of a road train using a single charging station, and the balancing of the batteries of the various vehicles of the road-train when towed together.

Personnel involved

CERVANTES Valery, male, is a research engineer and project leader of the entire cooperation between CEA and the car manufacturer Renault (since 2011 for a 5-year cooperation dealing with electric mobility). He was formerly Innovation and Public Affairs director at Irisbus-Iveco, member of the board for 5 years, and vicepresident of the Lyon Urban Truck and Bus Cluster. For 5 years Valery has been in charge of an engineering department at Irisbus Iveco dealing with the development of components and materials (driveline, drivetrain, axles, HVAC, superstructure calculation and material), implemented in France, Spain, Italy and Czech Republic. He has been vehicle architect for 5 years. Valéry graduated from the French engineering school Ecole Centrale de Paris.
Valéry Cervantès will coordinate the ESPRIT project in terms of strategy and scientific and technical work. He will be the project director. Concerning this specific task, he will lead the project work package 9 “Project Management”. 

GARNIER Laurent, male, is a research engineer and power electronic expert. After eighteen years in the industry in R&D for specific power converters and battery chargers, he joined CEA in 2010. He has been working for four years in the department “Electricity and Hydrogen for Transport” on batteries management systems and fuel cell systems. During this period, he has contributed to 7 patents and has presented 2 papers at the conference PCIM (Power Conversion Intelligent Motion). 

Laurent Garnier will be leading ESPRIT Project work package 4 “Road train Energy Storage Management System (RESMS)”. 

DESBOIS-RENAUDIN Matthieu, male, graduated in 2000 as Mechanical Engineer in INSA Lyon with a minor in business and innovation development. He completed his studies with a MSc in System optimisation in 2004. He worked at IFSTTAR for hybrid powertrain optimisation with Valeo. In 2004, he joined the advanced engineering division of Bosch in Lyon, where he designed optimised electro-hydraulic solutions for various customers. He is a system optimisation expert. In 2008, he joined the CEA LITEN where he leads several projects for lithium battery packs in automotive application. He was responsible for the startup of the lithium cell pilot Line at CEA. Since 2013, he has been leading the service for system integration of batteries and fuel cells. 

CHATROUX Daniel, male, is a power electronic expert. After six years in the industry in R&D for specific power converter, he joined CEA in 1992. He developed innovative power electronic (cost effective and very reliable high voltage switches with thousands of MOSFETs) for high frequency pulsed high voltage generators for laser, for photovoltaic applications, fuel cells systems and batteries for automotive applications. He participated to 70 patents on these technologies. He is a member of PCIM (Power Conversion and Intelligent Motion) scientific
committee and SEE scientific associations. 

Dr. ECRABEY Jacques, male, has obtained a PhD in electronics from the French engineering school Ecole Centrale de Lyon. He worked for twelve years in the industry as Power Electronics R&D Engineer. He has developed power converters and worked on DC-DC converters and Stop Start systems for vehicles. At Schneider Electric, his works dealt with VSD, UPS inverters and Solar inverters. He joined CEA in 2011 and currently works on electric vehicles applications.

DAUCHY Julien, male, is a system electrical architect. He joined CEA in 2009. He worked in fuel cell system during 2 years. He has developed a power DC-DC converter to do the interface between fuel cell voltage and battery system. He has worked for 3 years on battery system for electrical vehicle. During this period at the CEA, he has contributed to 14 patents and has presented 2 papers at the conference PCIM (Power Conversion Intelligent Motion) and EPF (Electronique de puissance du future).
CEA LIST RUSSOTTO François Xavier, male, is a research engineer and project leader leading the Mobile Robotics research activity in LRI. He has worked at Thales Optronics SA as a development engineer working on control and on-board electronics for aircraft embedded systems, and at PSA Peugeot Citroën, as a project manager on development of innovative by-wire man-machine interfaces for tourism vehicles. François-Xavier joined CEA LIST in 2002. He managed a research activity focused on Supervisory Control for Telerobotics Systems, leading to the development of a SCADA software, currently in industrial development phase, for integrating operational robotics equipment of AREVA NC La Hague. 

François-Xavier Russotto will lead the ESPRIT Project work package 3 “Kinematic and Dynamic Behaviour Management System (KDBMS)”.
LUCET Eric, male, is research engineer in the department of ambient intelligence of CEA LIST. He first graduated as mechanical electronic engineer (2006, ESTP – Paris, Research Master of robotics and intelligent systems in 2006, 3rd year of engineering school in the ENSAM, Paris) and then received his Ph.D. degree in mobile robotics from the University Pierre et Marie Curie of Paris VI, France. Previously in charge of national and European research projects and scientific coordination for Robosoft service robots Company, Eric has been appointed full-time at the LRI in February 2013 to actively participate to the research for the promotion of the mobile robotics area. He specialises in dynamic control of mobile robots on slippery ground and will contribute to ESPRIT in the identification of dynamic vehicle-environment interactions for an optimal fleet management.
DORE Philippe, male, graduated from telecom PariTech and is currently researcher at CEA, where he leads activities around mixed-criticality and, safe and secure hypervision for multi and manycores architectures. His main research interests include real-time kernels, parallelism and compilation. Prior to his current position, following 18 years in the telecom industry mainly as a system architect, he contributed to the development of a complete industry-grade dataflow compiler for the 256 cores MPPA architecture as part of a joint CEA/KALRAY lab. Then, for one year, he led a research team in charge of developing an industry-grade tool suite used to design safety-critical applications for various multicores. 

SIRDEY Renaud, male, is a senior researcher at CEA. He leads the Embedded Real-Time & Security Laboratory. His main research interests include parallelism, compilation, discrete optimisation as well as applied cryptology. Prior to his current responsibilities, following 10 years as a system architect in the telecom industry, he has most notably led the research team that designed a complete industry-grade dataflow compiler for the 256 cores MPPA architecture as part of a joint CEA/Kalray lab. His activities also include fundamental research on both exact
and approximate resolution of combinatorial optimisation problems, optimisation under uncertainty, as well as parallel resolution of such problems. Since 2010, while leading a CEA internal research project on cloud computing security, he has been working on compilation and parallel runtime environment for currently emerging homomorphic encryption-based cryptocomputing technologies. Renaud holds a computer science engineering degree from the Université de Technologie de Compiègne (1998), an MSc in applied mathematics from Cranfield
University (1998), as well as a PhD in combinatorial optimisation (2007), which he carried out in parallel to his industrial career, and an Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches (2011) from the Université de Technologie de Compiègne. He is the author and co-author of over 30 refereed research papers amongst which over 10 in leading international journals.

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pdf : ESPRIT Newsletter July 2017

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